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宝贝儿再深一些吧GRE字根字匯 Wordlist 26(單詞帶例句)

kira86 於2019-04-26發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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宝贝儿再深一些吧GRE字根字匯,GRE常考詞匯,單詞帶例句、附同義詞和反義詞,中英字幕。
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debase

v. to make lower 貶低

 

n. debasement

The newspaper's constant reports on the frivolity and incompetence of women debases women's position in society.

這份報紙不斷地報導有關婦女的輕浮和無能,貶低婦女在社會上的地位。

* frivolity

輕浮

Synonym

同義詞:abase; degrade; demean

Antonym

反義詞:elevate; exalt

demolish

v. to tear down; to destroy 拆除;破壞

The old run-down pier at the downtown waterfront will be demolished to make way for a waterside park.

位於市區江邊那個老舊荒廢的碼頭,即將拆除改建成河濱公園。

* run-down

荒廢的

* pier

碼頭

Synonym

同義詞:ruin; raze

Antonym

反義詞: construct; rebuild;restore

deviate

v. to turn away; to stray 偏離;違背

 

n. deviation

Be careful not to deviate too far from the marked hiking trails or you may get lost.

小心不要離有記號的徒步路徑太遠,否則你可能會迷路。

* trail

小徑

diameter

n. line across the center of a circle 直徑

The little girl fell into a mining shaft with a diameter of only two feet.

那個小女孩掉進一個直徑隻有二尺寬的礦井。

* shaft

礦井;通風管道

diaphanous

adj. that can be seen through 透明的

The topmost layer of the skirt was made of a diaphanous layer of chiffon.

這件裙子的最外層是一層薄紗。

* chiffon

薄紗

Synonym

同義詞:sheer; transparent

Antonym

反義詞:opaque

disconsolate

adj. sad; that cannot be consoled 哀傷的

The three young children were disconsolate upon hearing of the death of their mother.

這三個小孩聽到母親去世的消息,非常哀傷。

Synonym

同義詞:inconsolable; grief-stricken

Antonym

反義詞:cheerful

dispersion

n. strewing apart in different directions 分散;散布

The explosion led to the dispersion of a poisonous chemical into the atmosphere.

爆炸導致一種有毒的化學物質散布到大氣中。

Synonym

同義詞:scattering; spreading

Antonym

反義詞:assemblage

diverge

v. to turn or branch away from 分歧

 

adj. divergent

Although we are in agreement on the earliest beginnings of human life, our theories diverge after that.

雖然在人類生命最初的起源方麵,我們意見一致,但之後的階段,我們的理論便岀現分歧。

Synonym

同義詞:divide; disagree

Antonym

反義詞:converge; conform

eulogy

n. high praise 頌揚

 

v. eulogize

Gloria asked a close friend of the family to come to the funeral to give a eulogy.

葛羅莉亞要求一位家族好友來參加葬禮,致頌揚辭。

Synonym

同義詞:encomium; glorification

Antonym

反義詞:vilification; slander

euphemism

n. substitution of pleasant way of saying something blunt or unpleasant 委婉的說法

Ann used euphemisms to explain that Harry's parents had died and that he had gone insane.

安用很委婉的方式說明哈利的父母已去世,而他因而發瘋。

* insane

瘋狂的

euphonious

adj. pleasant in sound 悅耳的

As we passed by the concert hall, we could hear euphonious melodies coming from within.

當我們經過音樂廳時,可以聽到從裏麵傳出來悅耳的旋律。

Synonym

同義詞:melodious; dulcet; tuneful

Antonym

反義詞:grating; harsh

exasperate

v. to make ill feeling; to irritate 激怒

Craig exasperated us all by constantly asking us if we had remembered to bring the tickets with us.

克雷格不斷詢問我們有沒有帶票,把我們所有人都激怒了。

Synonym

同義詞:infuriate; enrage; provoke

Antonym

反義詞:appease; mollify

exhume

v. to take out from the earth 掘出

 

n. exhumation

The court allowed the research team to exhume the body of the man to do an autopsy to find the true cause of death.

法院允許調査小組把那個人的屍體挖出來,進行驗屍工作,以找出真正的死因。

* autopsy

驗屍

Synonym

同義詞:unearth; dig up

Antonym

反義詞:bury; inter; inhume

explicit

adj. clearly and fully expressed 明確的

Martin left his roommates explicit instructions about giving his six dogs their meals while he was gone.

馬丁離開時,留給他室友明確的指示,告訴他如何為他的六條狗準備食物。

Synonym

同義詞:definite; clear-cut; precise

Antonym

反義詞:ambiguous; implicit; obscure; vague

extraterritorial

adj. beyond the territory of a nation 治外法權的

Because the crime was extraterritorial, the police had no power to arrest the criminals.

由於這件案子屬於治外法權的範圍,所以警方無權逮捕犯人。

extravagant

adj. going beyond what is reasonable, usual or conventional 1. 過度的 2. 浪費的

The Johnsons held an extravagant affair to celebrate the announcement of their daughter's engagement.

強森家宣布女兒訂婚了,他們舉辦非常鋪張的活動來慶祝。

* affair

活動;慶祝

Synonym

同義詞:1. excessive 2. prodigal; lavish

Antonym

反義詞:1. restrained 2. frugal; economical

hyperbole

n. exaggerated statements made for effect 誇張法

Flora used hyperboles to impress the importance of what she was saying on the children.

芙洛拉用誇張的方法,讓孩子們明白她說的話的重要性。

Synonym

同義詞:overstatement

Antonym

反義詞:understatement; litotes

hyperborean

adj. situated in the extreme north ; very cold 極北的;酷寒的

Very few of the Taiwanese exchange students could acclimate themselves to the hyperborean winters in Wisconsin.

台灣來的交換留學生中,很少人能適應威斯康辛州酷寒的冬天。

* acclimate

適應新環境

hypercritical

adj. too critical 苛求的

Constance's hypercritical remarks wounded James' pride and left him disheartened.

康史坦絲吹毛求疵的評論傷了詹姆斯的自尊,使他很沮喪。

* disheartened

沮喪的;氣餒的

Synonym

同義詞:captious; carping

ignominious

adj. bringing shame; dishonorable 不名譽的

The company president's ignominious arrest and conviction forced the company into bankruptcy.

這家公司的總裁遭受不名譽的逮捕及判罪,迫使該公司宣告破產。

* conviction

判罪;定罪

Synonym

同義詞:disreputable; discreditable; disgraceful

Antonym

反義詞:honorable

immure

v. to imprison; to shut a person up 囚禁;監禁

 

n. immurement

Immured in the castle dungeon for years, the peasant was unable to take the mental strain and finally went mad.

被囚禁盤城堡地牢多年,農夫無法承受心理的負擔,終於發瘋了。

* dungeon

地牢

* strain

負擔

impecunious

adj. having little or no money 貧窮的

His family being impecunious, young Frederick was forced to take two jobs to help feed his family.

因為家境貧困,年輕的弗雷德瑞克被迫做兩份工作,來幫忙養家。

Synonym

同義詞:destitute; indigent

Antonym

反義詞:affluent; prosperous

insomnia

n. inability to sleep 失眠

Greg's stress over his work was causing insomnia which was making him susceptible to getting sick.

葛瑞格的工作壓力太大,導致他失眠,而使他很容易生病。

* susceptible

易受感染的

Synonym

同義詞:sleeplessness

intricate

adj. complicated; difficult to understand 複雜的

Gertrude admired the hard work it required to make lace with such intricate patterns.

葛楚非常佩服要做出花樣如此複雜的花邊,所必須下的功夫。

Synonym

同義詞:complex; elaborate

invulnerable

adj. not able to be hurt 不會受傷害的

The country's possession of nuclear weapons convinced them they were invulnerable to any attack.

該國擁有核武器使他們相信,他們能抵當任何攻擊而不受傷害。

Synonym

同義詞:invincible

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