n. person who gives up his faith or turns away from his religion 叛教者；變節者
Hector was an apostate of the Democratic party, and not only joined the Republicans but also became a party leader.
同義詞：renegade; defector; turncoat
adj. related to water 水的；水生的
Unlike fish, aquatic mammals breathe air and have hair, not scales.
adj. producing heat 生熱的
As natural gas is very calorific, it would make an ideal fuel for this engine.
adj. related to the heart （關於）心髒的
After his heart attack, Joseph was placed in the hospital's cardiac care unit.
n. blood cell 血球
The nurse took some blood from Winston's arm so a corpuscle count could be done in the laboratory.
adj. demonlike; devilish 似惡魔的；凶惡的
Babysitting that demoniac brat was a mistake Rosa would not make again.
同義詞：fiendish; diabolic; satanic
adj. puzzlelike, puzzling 謎一般的；難解的
To many parents, teenager5 s liking for music parents consider noise is enigmatic.
同義詞：mysterious; cryptic; inscrutable
n. small sac 小囊；濾泡
As he was bald as a billiard ball, Brian was very interested in the new chemical that would stimulate dead hair follicles.
* billiard ball
v. to produce fruit; to become fruitful 結果實
Due to the dry local climate, the coconut tree Anne planted never fructified.
n. way of behaving peculiar to a person 特質；習性
Always drinking a glass of low-fat milk after lunch is a little idiosesyncrasy of Jeremy's.
同義詞：peculiarity; characteristic; eccentricity
adj. that cannot be weighed or measured 無法衡量的
The effect on the public mind of such an event is imponderable.
n. bankruptcy; inability to pay debts 破產
After he failed to make payments on his business loan, the bank forced Roger's company into insolvency.
adj. unable to be ended 無終止的
The nanny could no longer stand the child's interminable questions of "why."
同義詞：ceaseless; infinite; never-ending
n. one who cuts, polishes, or engraves gems 寶石匠
Since her father is a lapidary, Shirley has gained some understanding of gems?
v. to make greater 1. 擴大 2. 誇大
The outbreak of fires after the earthquake magnified the death toll by hundreds.
同義詞：1. expand; amplify 2. exaggerate; inflate
反義詞：1. minimize 2. understate
n. small mass 分子
A water molecule is made up of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen.
v. to make calmer or quieter 緩和
The gentle piano playing coming from the neighbor's house mollified Mrs. Tate5s mood.
同義詞：pacify; relieve; soothe
n. stubbornness 頑固
The father slowly overcame his obstinacy and allowed his youngest daughter to travel abroad alone.
同義詞：doggedness; obduracy; tenacity
反義詞：compliance; docility; tractability
v. 1. to make into stone 使變成石頭2. to freeze with fear 使僵硬
Centuries of being buried deep in the earth caused the wood artifacts to petrify.
The thought of riding on a roller coaster petrifies Anthony.
* roller coaster
同義詞：1. fossilize; calcify 2. stiffen; harden
adj. seeming to be reasonable 似合理的
Although it was plausible the fire was started by natural causes, we still suspected arson.
反義詞：illogical; incredible; unreasonable
n. quality of being connected with the subject 貼切；關聯
There is no relevancy between my interest in going skiing and the fact that Kelly will be at the ski resort.
adj. making sleepy 想睡的；催眠的
Our chemistry teacher's soporific lectures usually leave half the class nodding off.
* nod off
同義詞：slumberous; somnolent; hypnotic
adj. making someone sweat 使發汗的
In this heat and humidity, even walking around the block is a sudorific activity.
adj. person in excess of the normal number 1. 冗員 2. 臨時演員
The director arranged to have a number of supernumeraries appear on the set that day.
同義詞：1. extra 2. stand-in; walk-on
v. to say evil things about someone 謗誹，中傷
The country accused the world media of vilifying their judiciary system.
同義詞：malign; defame; libel; slander
反義詞：eulogize; commend; praise