英語閱讀

聽力入門英語演講VOA慢速英語美文聽力教程英語新聞名校課程聽力節目影視聽力英語視頻

報告:關掉定位服務,穀歌依然會追蹤用戶定位記錄

kira86 於2018-08-16發布 l 已有人瀏覽
增大字體 減小字體
即使關閉定位,穀歌依然可以追蹤你的行蹤?如何防止穀歌記錄你的行蹤?隻需一小步。
    小E英語歡迎您,請點擊播放按鈕開始播放……

穀歌地圖.jpg
Report: Google Still Tracks You Even with Location History Off

報告:關掉定位服務,穀歌依然會追蹤用戶定位記錄

Many androids and iphoness owners use Google services on their mobiles devices. Some of these services use GPS technology to collect information about the places people go.

許多安卓(設備)和蘋果手機用戶在其移動設備上使用穀歌服務。其中某些穀歌服務使用GPS技術收集關於人們的動向信息。

One of the most widely used location services is Google Maps. When someone uses Google Maps, information about times and locations are recorded and stored.

其中一項最廣泛使用定位服務的(程序)是穀歌地圖。當有人使用穀歌地圖時,時間和位置有關的信息都將被記錄和儲存。

Google also uses tracking tools with other services. Weather apps, for example, are designed to identify a user's location to provide local weather information. Even some Google internet searches can result in the collection of information about exactly where a person was when the search was made.

穀歌還在其它服務上運用追蹤工具。比如天氣應用程序,目的在於分辨出用戶所在的位置並提供當地的天氣信息。甚至一些穀歌網絡搜索,也會致使某人在何時何地進行搜索方麵的信息被收集。

Google says it collects the data to improve localized experiences for its users. But such practices have also raised privacy concerns. Privacy activists have called on Google and other major technology companies to make it easier for users to turn off location services if they do not want to be tracked.

穀歌稱,它收集數據是為了改善其用戶的本地化體驗。但這種做法也引發隱私權保護方麵的問題。隱私維權人士呼籲穀歌和其它大型科技公司,讓用戶在不想被追蹤的情況下,可以更方便地關閉位置服務。

An investigation by the Associated Press, or AP, suggests this process is not as easy as it might seem. The investigation found that Google continues to collect location information even on users who have changed their privacy settings.

美聯社調查表明,(關閉定位的)過程並不如看起來那麽容易。調查發現,即使在用戶已經更改隱私設置的情況下,穀歌仍在繼續收集位置信息。

The AP says the results of its investigation were confirmed by computer science researchers at Princeton University in the American state of New Jersey.

美聯社表示,其調查結果得到了位於新澤西州的普林斯頓大學計算機研究人員的證實。

Google's influence in the mobiles device industry is far-reaching. About two billion people worldwide use Google-developed androids devices. In addition, hundreds of millions of iphoness owners use Google for maps or for making searches.

穀歌在移動設備行業影響深遠。全球約有20億人使用穀歌開發的安卓設備。此外還有成千上萬的iphoness用戶使用穀歌地圖或使用穀歌進行搜索。

In some ways, Google is clear about asking permission to use location information. For example, Google Maps will seek approval from a user to give the app access to locations so it can provide directions. If a user agrees to let Google collect location information over time, Google Maps will show this history in a "timeline" that shows the person's daily movements.

在某些方麵,穀歌明確要求允許使用位置信息。比如,穀歌地圖將尋求用戶允許應用程序訪問所在位置,以便穀歌可以提供線路。如果用戶允許穀歌收集位置信息一段時間,穀歌地圖將在其“時間軸”中顯示該用戶日常活動的曆史記錄。

Google also has a "Location History" setting, which it explains on its support page. The company says any user can turn off Location History at any time. "With Location History off, the places you go are no longer stored," Google states. The company says when Location History is turned off for a user's account, it is turned off for all devices linked to that Google account.

穀歌還有一個“位置曆史”設置,該設置在用戶幫助頁麵上有所解釋。該公司表示,任何用戶都可以隨時關閉位置曆史記錄。穀歌申明:“一旦關閉位置曆史,你的動向將不再被儲存。”該公司表示,當穀歌用戶賬號的位置曆史記錄關閉時,該賬號鏈接(用該賬號登錄)的所有設備的位置信息記錄都被關閉了。

But the AP investigation found this does not appear to be true. It found that Google continued to save location history even if a user had turned off Location History. Turning off Location History only stopped Google from creating a timeline of locations the user had visited.

然而美聯社調查發現似乎真相並非如此。美聯社發現,即使用戶關閉了位置曆史記錄,穀歌仍在繼續保存位置曆史記錄。關閉位置曆史記錄,隻會阻止穀歌創建關於用戶所訪問位置信息的時間軸而已。

One of the tests the AP carried out involved Princeton privacy researcher Gunes Acar. The news agency was able to track his movements and identify visited locations - including his home - over several days in the New York City area.

普林斯頓隱私研究員居內什·阿卡爾參與了美聯社進行的其中一項測試。這家新聞機構可以追蹤他的動向,並辨認他幾天內在紐約市區的訪問位置,包括家。

Acar was carrying an androids phones with Location History turned off.

阿卡爾隨身攜帶一款位置曆史信息已關閉的安卓手機。

Other Princeton researchers confirmed the AP's test findings on multiple mobiles devices.

其他普林斯頓研究人員在其它多台移動設備上證實美聯社的測試結果

Jonathan Mayer is a Princeton computer scientist and former technologist with the Federal Communications Commission. He disagrees with Google's methods for storing location data, which he says can be unclear for users.

喬納森·梅爾是普林斯頓大學的一名計算機科學家及前聯邦通信委員會技術專家。他不同意穀歌存儲位置數據的方法,他表示,用戶對此可能並不清楚。

If you're going to allow users to turn off something called 'Location History,' then all the places where you maintain location history should be turned off, Mayer said. "That seems like a pretty straightforward position to have."

梅爾表“如果要允許用戶關閉所謂的“位置曆史”,那麽所有存儲位置曆史的地方都該被關閉掉。似乎該有這樣一個直截了當的態度才對。”

In answer to a request for comment from the AP, Google said it uses several location tracking tools.

在回答美聯社的置評請求時,穀歌表示它使用了多個追蹤工具。

There are a number of different ways that Google may use location to improve people's experience, including: Location History, Web and App Activity, and through device-level Location Services, the company said in a statement.

公司在一項申明中表示:“穀歌可能會采用多種不同的方式來運用位置信息以改善人們的體驗,方式包括:位置曆史信息、網絡和應用程序活動狀態以及設備級定位服務。”

Google says users can stop the saving of all location markers by turning off another setting. That setting, however, is not clearly identified as being connected to location tracking. The setting is called "Web and App Activity." It is activated on new devices. The tool stores different kinds of information from Google apps and websites to a user's Google account.

穀歌表示,用戶可以通過關閉另一個設置以停止保存所有位置標記。不過,該設置並沒有明確注明與位置追蹤有關。該設置被稱為“網絡和應用程序活動狀態”。該工具在新設備上被激活(後),將收集於穀歌應用和網站的不同種類的信息存儲到用戶的穀歌賬戶中。

How to prevent further tracking

如何防止進一步追蹤

The easiest way to block further location tracking on any device is to go to the website myactivity.google.com, which permits users to change Google account settings. On the upper left drop-down list, go to "Activity Controls." Turn off both "Web & App Activity" and "Location History." This should prevent exact location markers from being stored to your Google account.

阻止在任何設備上位置被進一步追蹤的最簡單方法是,登錄myactivity.google.com,該網頁允許用戶更改穀歌賬戶設置。在頁麵左上角的下拉菜單中,找到“活動控件”項,同時關閉“網絡和應用程序活動狀態”及“位置曆史記錄”兩項。這將阻止你準確的位置標記被存儲到你的穀歌賬戶中。

I'm Bryan Lynn.

我是布萊恩. 林恩。

(小e英語Jewel翻譯,歡迎捉蟲!)

 1 2 下一頁

分享到

添加到收藏

VOA慢速排行